3. Calculations and Functions for Economic Modelling

Calculations and Functions for Economic Modelling


  • Learn important concepts in financial evaluation and data analysis, and link these to the use of functions.
  • Master the most important functions in Excel.
  • Create a basis to develop further knowledge of specialised and advanced functions. 


  • Overview. This course covers many of the core types of calculations required in finance and economic modelling and the most important Excel functions related to these. It provides explanations and examples of their application to general modelling and financial evaluation. It provides a solid basis for many practical situations. 
  • Practical Work and Exercises. Readers are expected to build simple examples for themselves as they follow the text. The course also contains downloadable data sets or simple models that allow a reader to do this practical work without having to enter large sets of data or repeat previous steps.
  • Quizzes and Exercises. There are 5 Quizzes, which are placed throughout the course. Some require the construction of small models or parts of models.


  • Growth formulae and present values. Measuring growth · Classical and logarithmic measures · Growth calculations · Inflating and discounting · Time-period conversions 
  • Interest calculations. Time-value-of-money. Risk-free rates. Interest calculations . Compounding methods and formulas · Links between interest compounding and model time periods · Accruals · Bootstrapping · Yield curves.
  • Annuities and Discounting. Discounted cash flow · Annuity formulas · Terminal value calculations · Capitalisation rates.
  • Economic Evaluation. Calculation of returns · Internal rate of return · Limitations. Discounted cash flow, net present value. Comparison of IRR with NPV.
  • Loans and mortgages. Payback amounts and periods · Capital versus interest · Implied interest rates and APRs.


  • 5 quizzes.